How to create columns in a QML ListView

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En Ar Bg De El Es Fa Fi Fr Hi Hu It Ja Kn Ko Ms Nl Pl Pt Ru Sq Th Tr Uk Zh

Based on a French original.

Here is one way to create a ListView with multiple columns whose widths depend upon the size of the data in the column.

Normally a ListView of Row elements would look like this.

qmlTable1.png

Columns can be created setting the widths in the Row elements.

qmlTable2.png

Getting the text width

Font metrics are not available in QML. However, Text elements can be created dynamically in JavaScript and queried for their width.

 // Create temporary Text element
 var textElement = Qt.createQmlObject('import Qt 4.7; Text { text: "' + text + '"}',
 parent, "calcTextWidth");

// Use textElement.width for the width of the text

// Dispose of temporary element
 textElement.destroy()

Creating columns in a ListView

The column widths are calculated for the model with JavaScript, stored in a map with keys by the model element names, and used in the ListView delegate.

main.qml

A simple UI to demonstrate the ListView. A Rectangle element is used as a container simply to give it a color consistent with the colors used for the rows. Note the columnWidths property is used to store the calculated widths, which are used in the delegate.

import Qt 4.7
import "ColumnHelper.js" as ColumnHelper

Rectangle {
 width: 620
 height: 200
 color: "#bebebe"

ListView {
 id: list
 property variant columnWidths: ColumnHelper.calcColumnWidths(model, list)
 anchors.fill: parent
 model: MovieModel { }
 delegate: MovieItem { }
 }

}

ColumnHelper.js

A simple JavaScript function is used to find the maximum width for Text elements of all the data in every column and returns those values in an object keyed by the column name.

var columns = {}

function calcColumnWidths(model, parent)
{
 for (var i = 0; i < model.count; +''i)
 {
 var data = model.get(i)
 for (var key in data)
 {
 if (!columns[key]) {
 columns[key] = 0
 }

 var textElement = Qt.createQmlObject(
 'import Qt 4.7;'
'' 'Text {'
 + ' text: "' + data[key] + '" '
 + '}',
 parent, "calcColumnWidths")

columns[key] = Math.max(textElement.width, columns[key])
 textElement.destroy()
 }
 }
 return columns
}

MovieItem.qml

This is the delegate for the ListView. The columnWidths property of the list is used to set the widths of the columns.

import Qt 4.7

Component {
 Item {
 id: item
 width: parent.width - 15
 height: row.height

function altColor(i) {
 var colors = [ "#bebebe", "#b7b7b7" ];
 return colors[i];
 }

Rectangle {
 id: background
 width: parent.width + 15
 height: parent.height
 color: altColor(index%2)
 }

Row {
 id: row
 width: parent.width
 spacing: 5
 Item {
 // Indent a little
 width: 5
 height: 1
 }
 Text {
 width: list.columnWidths['title']
 text: model.title
 color: "blue"
 }
 Loader { sourceComponent: columnSeparator; height: parent.height }
 Text {
 width: list.columnWidths['year']
 text: model.year
 }
 Loader { sourceComponent: columnSeparator; height: parent.height }
 Text {
 width: list.columnWidths['rank']
 text: model.rank
 }
 Loader { sourceComponent: columnSeparator; height: parent.height }
 Text {
 width: list.columnWidths['votes']
 text: model.votes
 }
 Loader { sourceComponent: columnSeparator; height: parent.height }
 Text {
 width: list.columnWidths['composer']
 text: model.composer ? model.composer : ""
 }

Component {
 id: columnSeparator
 Rectangle {
 width: 1
 color: "black"
 opacity: 0.3
 }
 }
 }
 }
}

MovieModel.qml

Information courtesy of The Internet Movie Database (http://www.imdb.com).

import Qt 4.7

ListModel {
 ListElement {
 votes: 532564
 rank: 9.2
 title: "The Shawshank Redemption"
 year: 1994
 composer: "Newman, Thomas"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 419312
 rank: 9.1
 title: "The Godfather"
 year: 1972
 composer: "Rota, Nino"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 251290
 rank: 9.0
 title: "The Godfather: Part II"
 year: 1974
 composer: "Rota, Nino"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 225000
 rank: 8.9
 title: "Inception"
 year: 2010
 composer: "Zimmer, Hans"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 165033
 rank: 8.9
 title: "Il buono, il brutto, il cattivo."
 year: 1966
 composer: "Morricone, Ennio"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 426752
 rank: 8.9
 title: "Pulp Fiction"
 year: 1994
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 282473
 rank: 8.9
 title: "Schindler's List"
 year: 1993
 composer: "Williams, John"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 122919
 rank: 8.9
 title: "12 Angry Men"
 year: 1957
 composer: "Hopkins, Kenyon"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 219739
 rank: 8.8
 title: "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest"
 year: 1975
 composer: "Nitzsche, Jack"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 476112
 rank: 8.8
 title: "The Dark Knight"
 year: 2008
 composer: "Zimmer, Hans"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 283354
 rank: 8.8
 title: "Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back"
 year: 1980
 composer: "Williams, John"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 371790
 rank: 8.8
 title: "The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King"
 year: 2003
 composer: "Shore, Howard"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 98799
 rank: 8.8
 title: "Shichinin no samurai"
 year: 1954
 composer: "Hayasaka, Fumio"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 326619
 rank: 8.7
 title: "Star Wars"
 year: 1977
 composer: "Williams, John"
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 234582
 rank: 8.7
 title: "Goodfellas"
 year: 1990
 }
 ListElement {
 votes: 170874
 rank: 8.7
 title: "Casablanca"
 year: 1942
 composer: "Steiner, Max"
 }
}