How to setup Qt and openCV on Windows

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How to setup Qt and openCV on Windows

Introduction

This article shows how to install Qt, build OpenCV, and run a basic OpenCV example. This article assumes Windows 10 has just been installed.

This procedure requires close to 10GB of disk space:

Qt: 5.06GB
opencv: 522MB
opencv-Build: 3.95GB
downloads:152MB  

This article uses information from the following pages: http://docs.opencv.org/2.4/doc/tutorials/introduction/windows_install/windows_install.html?highlight=installation http://www.laganiere.name/opencvCookbook/chap1s1_2.shtml

Windows 10, Qt 5.9, OpenCV 3.2.0

Qt

Installation

Download the Qt installer from www.qt.io, then choose "Download now". This will then download qt-unified-windows-x86-2.0.5-online.exe. Execute the program, then choose the following settings:

 Welcome to the Qt online installer: next
 Qt Account - your unified login to everything Qt: skip
 Setup-Qt: next
 installation folder: D:\Qt
 select components: Qt-Qt5.9-MingGW 5.3.0 32 bit
 select components: Qt-Tools-MinGW 5.3.0
 License Agreement: agree and next
 start menu shortcuts: next
 ready to install: install

Testing

Run D:\Qt\Tools\QtCreator\bin\qtcreator.exe

 File-New file or project-Qt Widgets Application-choose
 enter a name and a location: next
 select all kits: next
 Class information: MainWindow (defaults): Next
 Project management: Finish

Now a new project is made. Start debugging by choosing

 Debug-Start Debugging-Start debugging (F5)

Now the Qt tab in the Windows taskbar should turn into a progress bar. After some time a new empty window should pop up. Stop debugging either by pressing the red cross in the top right of this new window, or choose

 Debug-Stop debugging  

Adjust Qt

When you need to add, remove or update a component of Qt, this can be done by running D:\Qt\MaintenanceTool.exe:

 maintain Qt: Qt Account: Skip
 Setup Qt: Add or remove components: Next
 Select components: 
 next :update 

Tortoisegit

Todo

Cmake

Download cmake from cmake.org. In this guide, 3.7.2 is used. Start cmake-3.7.2-win64-x64.msi, then choose the following settinge:

 Welcome to the CMake etup Wizzard: next
 End-User License Agreement: [X] Accept and next
 Install options: [X] Add CMake to the system PATH for all users, next
 Destination folder: C:\Program Files\CMake (default), next
 Ready to install CMake, Install

OpenCV

Getting OpenCV

Download openCV from sourceforge. In this guide, version 3.2.0 is used. Start opencv-3.2.0-vc14.exe and let it extract to d:\ . Now the folder d:\opencv is created.

Add minGW to the windows PATH variable

Open the control panel, 
System and Security, 
System, 
Advanced system settings,
Environment Variables,
System Variables,
Variable Name: Path
Variable value: ;D:\Qt\Tools\mingw530_32\bin

Compiling OpenCV

Start C:\Program Files\CMake\bin\cmake-gui.exe then choose the following settings:

 Where is the source code: D:\opencv\sources
 where to build the binaries: D:\opencv-build

Then click Configure, let cmake create the build directory, and choose the following settings:

 Specify the generator for this project: MinGW Makefiles
 Specify native compilers, next
 Compilers C: D:\Qt\Tools\mingw530_32\bin\gcc.exe
 Compilers C++: D:\Qt\Tools\mingw530_32\bin\g++.exe
 Finish
 Check the box [X]WITH_QT
 Check the box [X]WITH_OPENGL 

Then click configure again

 Set QT_MAKE_EXECUTABLE to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\bin\qmake.exe
 Set Qt5Concurrent_DIR to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\lib\cmake\Qt5Concurrent
 Set Qt5Core_DIR to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\lib\cmake\Qt5Core
 Set Qt5Gui_DIR to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\lib\cmake\Qt5Gui
 Set Qt5Test_DIR to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\lib\cmake\Qt5Test
 Set Qt5Widgets_DIR to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\lib\cmake\Qt5Widgets
 Set Qt5OpenGL_DIR to D:\Qt\5.9\mingw53_32\lib\cmake\Qt5OpenGL
 Set CMAKE_BUILD_TYPE to Release or RelWithDebInfo

Then click configure again Then click generate

Next open cmd, and type the following commands. To speed up the compile, the -j flag can be used to run multiple compile jobs simultaneously. On an 8 core CPU, you can set it to 8 or higher, so all cores are used. On a core i7-3770@3.4GHz with 8GB ram, the compile takes about 6 minutes.

 d:
 cd d:\
 cd opencv-build  
 mingw32-make -j 8
 mingw32-make install
 
 

If you have the following error : ... windres.exe: unknown option -- W ...

try this : in cmake uncheck ENABLE_PRECOMPILED_HEADERS

If, in the file opencv/sources/modules/videoio/src/cap_dshow.cpp, you have the following error : 'sprintf_instead_use_StringCbPrintfA_or_StringCchPrintfA' was not declared in this scope ...

try this :put the following line: #define NO_DSHOW_STRSAFE, before the line : #include "DShow.h"

Add OpenCV compiled libraries to the windows PATH variable

Open the control panel, 
System and Security, 
System, 
Advanced system settings,
Environment Variables,
System Variables,
Variable Name: Path
Variable value: ;D:\opencv-build\install\x86\mingw\bin
 

Compile and run the example

Run D:\Qt\Tools\QtCreator\bin\qtcreator.exe

 File-New file or project-Qt Widgets Application-choose
 enter a name and a location: next
 select all kits: next
 Class information: MainWindow (defaults): Next
 Project management: Finish

Now a new project is made.

modify the .pro file like this:

#-------------------------------------------------
#
# Project created by QtCreator 2017-03-05T12:30:06
#
#-------------------------------------------------

QT       += core gui

greaterThan(QT_MAJOR_VERSION, 4): QT += widgets

TARGET = opencvtest
TEMPLATE = app

# The following define makes your compiler emit warnings if you use
# any feature of Qt which as been marked as deprecated (the exact warnings
# depend on your compiler). Please consult the documentation of the
# deprecated API in order to know how to port your code away from it.
DEFINES += QT_DEPRECATED_WARNINGS

# You can also make your code fail to compile if you use deprecated APIs.
# In order to do so, uncomment the following line.
# You can also select to disable deprecated APIs only up to a certain version of Qt.
#DEFINES += QT_DISABLE_DEPRECATED_BEFORE=0x060000    # disables all the APIs deprecated before Qt 6.0.0


SOURCES += main.cpp\
        mainwindow.cpp

HEADERS  += mainwindow.h

FORMS    += mainwindow.ui

INCLUDEPATH += D:\opencv\build\include

LIBS += D:\opencv-build\bin\libopencv_core320.dll
LIBS += D:\opencv-build\bin\libopencv_highgui320.dll
LIBS += D:\opencv-build\bin\libopencv_imgcodecs320.dll
LIBS += D:\opencv-build\bin\libopencv_imgproc320.dll
LIBS += D:\opencv-build\bin\libopencv_features2d320.dll
LIBS += D:\opencv-build\bin\libopencv_calib3d320.dll

and modify mainwindow.cpp like this:

#include "mainwindow.h"
#include "ui_mainwindow.h"

#include <opencv2/core/core.hpp>
#include <opencv2/highgui/highgui.hpp>

MainWindow::MainWindow(QWidget *parent) :
    QMainWindow(parent),
    ui(new Ui::MainWindow)
{
    ui->setupUi(this);

    // read an image
    cv::Mat image = cv::imread("f://1.jpg", 1);
    // create image window named "My Image"
    cv::namedWindow("My Image");
    // show the image on window
    cv::imshow("My Image", image);
}

MainWindow::~MainWindow()
{
    delete ui;
}

Place an image with the name "1.img" in the root of F:\, then run the example. Now 2 windows should pop up. One with the image, and one with an empty window.