Simple Crypt IO Device

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Writing a Custom I/O Device with encryption via SimpleCrypt class

Creating a custom IO device was already described in Writing a Custom I/O Device. The encryption is used from Simple encryption with SimpleCrypt.

Usage

The following code snippet shows how we would use the custom I/O device to encrypt data and store the result in a file:

 QFile file("output.dat");
 SimpleCryptDevice device(&file); // stream to store the encrypted data

 device.setBlockSize(256);
 device.setKey(Q_UINT64_C(0x0c2ad4a4acb9f023));
 device.setCompressionMode(SimpleCrypt::CompressionAlways);
 device.setIntegrityProtectionMode(SimpleCrypt::ProtectionHash);
 device.open(QIODevice::WriteOnly);
 QTextStream stream(&device);
 out << "Hello World";
 out << "My text to encrypt";

The compressionMode and Integrity Protection can be changed if needed.

Also, if needed, a signal blockWritten can be connected.

Implementation

The basic implementation is the same as in Custom I/O Device. The big difference is, that the data can't be stored directly when the client writes it to the device, as the encryption/decryption is done block wise.

This means readData and writeData must be changed.

SimpleCryptIoDevice has a property blockSize. Data that is written is stored in an internal buffer of size blockSize. When the buffer size is reached, the data is encrypted and stored. This is needed, as SimpleCrypt (in it's used version) does not allow to encrypt to a stream.

Efficiency

Note that because SimpleCrypt uses a header and both the compression and the data protection hash or checksum are calculated and stored at the the block level, using SimpleCryptDevice in this form results in a larger output stream than when using the SimpleCrypt class directly. Perhaps a future version of SimpleCrypt will support a streaming interface to increase efficiency in use cases such as these.

readData

For reading, alway a complete block must be read from the device. Then the needed data is moved to the data buffer of the client. As there might be data left in the buffer, each read furst gets the data of the internal buffer. when it's empty, new data is read from the underlying device.

qint64 SimpleCryptDevice::readData(char* data, qint64 maxSize)
{
 int bytesRead = 0;
 if(!m_byteBuffer.isEmpty())
 {
 for(int copyByte = 0; copyByte < qMin(m_byteBuffer.size(), (int)maxSize); +''copyByte,''+bytesRead)
 data[bytesRead] = m_byteBuffer[copyByte];

m_byteBuffer.remove(0, bytesRead);
 }

while(m_byteBuffer.isEmpty() && (bytesRead < maxSize) && !m_underlyingDevice->atEnd())
 {
 int sizeOfCypher = 0;
 int bytesReallyRead = m_underlyingDevice->read((char*)&sizeOfCypher, sizeof(sizeOfCypher));

if(bytesReallyRead != sizeof(sizeOfCypher))
 return -1;

 QByteArray myCypherText;
 myCypherText.resize(sizeOfCypher);
 bytesReallyRead = m_underlyingDevice->read(myCypherText.data(), sizeOfCypher);

if(bytesReallyRead != bytesRead)
 {
 m_byteBuffer = m_crypto.decryptToByteArray(myCypherText);
 if (m_crypto.lastError() != SimpleCrypt::ErrorNoError)
 {
 return -1;
 }
 else
 {
 int copyByte = 0;
 for(copyByte = 0; (copyByte < m_byteBuffer.size()) && (bytesRead < (int)maxSize); +''copyByte,bytesRead)
 {
 data[bytesRead] = m_byteBuffer[copyByte];
 }
 m_byteBuffer.remove(0, copyByte);
 }
 }
 }
 return bytesRead;
}

The stored data always contains an int with the size of the encrypted buffer.

writeData

To write the data to the underlying device, first the current block needs to be filled. To achieve this, all data is attached to the buffer m_byteBuffer. unless the buffer is smaller than the block size, one block is removed of the buffer and stored in the underlying device.

qint64 SimpleCryptDevice::writeData(const char* data, qint64 maxSize)
{
 m_byteBuffer.append(data, (int)maxSize);
 quint64 realBytesWritten = 0;

 // always write blocks of m_blockSize bytes [[Image:|Image:]]!
 while(m_byteBuffer.size() > m_blockSize)
 {
 QByteArray bytesToWrite = m_byteBuffer.left(m_blockSize);
 m_byteBuffer.remove(0, m_blockSize);

 realBytesWritten''= writeBlock(bytesToWrite);
 }

 emit encryptedBytesWritten(realBytesWritten);

 return maxSize;
}

writing one block is fairly easy. The block is encrypted by a call to SimpleCrypt::encryptToByteArray and the size of the encrypted data and the data itself is written to the underlying device.

int SimpleCryptDevice::writeBlock(const QByteArray& bytesToWrite)
{
 quint64 realBytesWritten = 0;
 QByteArray myCypherBytes = m_crypto.encryptToByteArray(bytesToWrite); // cypher the bytes
 if (m_crypto.lastError() == SimpleCrypt::ErrorNoError)
 {
 // store the byte block incl. the size
 int sizeOfCypher = myCypherBytes.size();

 realBytesWritten ''= m_underlyingDevice->write((const char*)&sizeOfCypher, sizeof(sizeOfCypher));
 realBytesWritten''= m_underlyingDevice->write(myCypherBytes.data(), sizeOfCypher);
 emit blockWritten();
 return realBytesWritten;
 }
 return 0;
}

To ensure no data is left when the device is closed, during close or destructor, the last buffer is flushed to the device.

void SimpleCryptDevice::flushEnd()
{
 if(openMode() & WriteOnly)
 {
 quint64 realBytesWritten = writeBlock(m_byteBuffer);
 emit encryptedBytesWritten(realBytesWritten);
 }
}